Stainless Steel 316

316 / 316L Stainless Steel

Grade 316 / 316L | UNS S31600 / UNS S31603 | 1.4401 / 1.4404

These steels are the second most regularly specified stainless steels after Type 304 and are part of the SAE defined 300 Series which encompasses a range of austenitic chromium-nickel alloys. Austenitic stainless steels like Type 316 are widely available, have good general corrosion resistance, good cryogenic toughness, and excellent formability and weldability.

Type 316 has 2-3% Molybdenum included in its chemical composition which prevents specific forms of corrosion and generally enhances its corrosion resistance. Type 316 is often referred to as “marine grade” stainless due to its increased resistance to chloride corrosion compared to Type 304 making it a very suitable material for use in salt water environments.

Type 316L is a variant of Type 316 and differs by having a lower Carbon content as well as slightly lower yield and tensile strengths. Type 316L offers improved weldability and also reduces the possibility of lower corrosion resistance around welded areas.

As with most steel plate products a number of different designations are used for these steels. The most common are:

  • Type 316              1.4401 (EN Steel Number)            S31600 (UNS) 
  • Type 316L            1.4404 (EN Steel Number)            S31603 (UNS)

316 / 316L Stainless Steel Properties:

Typical chemical and mechanical properties of Type 316 and Type 316L steel:

   Chemical Analysis (%)  PREN Mechanical Properties
  Cr Ni  Mo 
Proof Stress  Tensile  Elongation 
316  .08  17  11.5  24  255  550-700  40 
316L  .03  17  11.5  24  220 520-670 40 

Typical industrial sectors:

  • Brewing
  • Chemical Industry
  • Dairy
  • Food processing
  • Marine equipment
  • Petrochemicals
  • Pharmaceuticals

Typical product applications:

  • Condensers
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Filters
  • Pressure Vessels
  • Valves
  • Flanges and Fittings

Click here to see details of our most popular stock sizes in Type 316 and Type 316L stainless steel plate.

Type 316 and Type 316L Stainless Steel Plate

Brown McFarlane stainless steel stock is made up of large area plate sizes (up to 12,000 mm long and 3,000 mm wide) which mean there is the greatest possible opportunity for us to ensure the best plate utilisation when cutting shapes and components to customers’ requirements. This makes sure that scrap is kept to a minimum and prices are kept low. 

The majority of our customers buy Type 316 and Type 316L stainless from us in cut to size form using our experience in plate processing on our computer controlled high definition plasma cutting machines to save time and money. However the large format plate also allows our customers to avoid costly welding by purchasing full size plate and designing fabrications accordingly.

Contact Brown McFarlane’s specialist stainless steel team for all sales and technical enquiries.



Plate Cutting

Plate Processing

  • Weld preparations
  • Grinding
  • Drilling and tapping
  • Pressing
  • Machining
  • Shotblasting and painting
  • Rolling
  • Rolled shells
  • Dished ends
  • Clad plates


 Stainless Steel, Duplex pdf icon

A full list of sizes, specifications and processing facilities of our range of wide, large area stainless and super steel plate.

     Download (1MB)


Or, contact the stainless steel team directly on: | +44 (0) 1922 748 710